Tuberculosis (TB) It is an infections disease, caused in humans by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculae. It was once common world wide and was a killer disease. People infected with HIV are highly susceptible to tuberculosis and the disease is becoming more common again in communities with high rates of HIV infection. Causes :- Infection is caused by airborne droplets (produced by coughing or sneezing). The bacteria breathed into the lungs multiply to form an infected “focus”. In a high proportion of cases, the body’s immune system then halts the infection and healing occurs. The infection can also occur in intestines, bones and kidneys. Symptoms : The main symptom includes coughing (sometimes bringing up blood) chest pain, shortness of breath, fever and sweating (at night) poor appetite and weight loss. The main complications of tuberculosis of the lungs are pleural effusion. (Collection of fluid between the lung and the chest wall). www.edufine.net
Carmen Jose-Panti is HIV-positive. Her husband, Victorino, is HIV-negative. “She’s a part of me,” says Victorino, who loves his wife deeply and encouraged her to get tested for HIV when she started to show symptoms. Carmen is one of eight million people whose lives have been transformed by HIV/AIDS treatment. Treating people who have HIV saves lives and prevents the virus from spreading.
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